As used in state election manuals, unless the context requires otherwise, the following terms mean:
A bill that has been passed by both houses of the legislature and has either been signed by the Governor, or not vetoed by the Governor within the time provided for the Governor to veto or sign the bill. A bill becomes an Act when it has been signed by the Governor or has become law without the Governor’s signature.
- State Candidate or Measure—Elections Division, Secretary of State’s Office
- County Candidate or Measure—County Elections Official
- City Candidate or Measure—City Recorder/Auditor
- District Candidate or Measure—County Elections Official. (For a district located in more thanone county, the County Elections Official of the county in which the administrative office of the district is located.)
As of January 1, 2007, all state and local candidates file their Statement of Organization and contribution and expenditure transactions with the Secretary of State, Elections Division. A local candidate should check with their local jurisdiction (e.g. a city or county) as it may adopt ordinances that require a committee to also file campaign finance transactions with the local jurisdiction.
Assembly of Electors
A gathering of registered voters in one place at one time to nominate candidates to partisan office.
Regular work days (calendar days excluding weekends and legal holidays as provided in ORS 187.010 and 187.020.)
An individual whose name is printed or expected to be printed on the ballot, an individual who campaigns for write-in votes, or an individual who collects or spends money to secure nomination or election to office at any time, even if the specific office is not indicated and the candidate’s name does not appear on a ballot. “Candidate” for purposes of ORS chapter 260 does not include a candidate for precinct committee person.
A political committee formed by an individual running for public office.
The individual responsible for the preparation and organization of an initiative, recall or referendum petition. No more than three persons may be designated as chief petitioners for any one initiative or referendum petition. For a recall petition, there is only one chief petitioner.
Any person who carries cover and signatures sheets to obtain and witness the collection of signatures.
The elected public offices of a city which may be voted on only by the registered voters of the city. City offices typically include a Mayor, four City Councilors, a municipal Judge and other officers the city council considers necessary for the conduct of business. (The offices may vary depending upon the city’s charter and ordinances. Contact the city elections filing officer for any questions regarding city offices.)
A political committee or a chief petitioner committee.
Any person who directly and substantially participates in decision-making on behalf of a political committee concerning the solicitation or expenditure of funds and the support of or opposition to candidates or measures. The officers of a political party are considered the directors of any political party committee of that party, unless otherwise provided in the party’s bylaws.
Committee Identification Number
The six-digit number assigned to Oregon committees registered with the Elections Division.
A completed petition is either of the following:
- the prospective initiative or referendum petition where the chief petitioners have submitted 100% of the signatures required for verification
- a candidate petition containing 100% of the certified signatures necessary to obtain ballot access
The elected public offices of a county which may be voted on only by the registered voters of the county. County offices typically include County Commissioners, County Assessor, County Clerk, County Sheriff and County Treasurer.
The offices may vary depending upon the county’s charter and ordinances. Contact the county elections filing officer for any questions regarding county offices.
The elected public offices of a special district (such as a school or water district) which may be voted on only by the registered voters of the special district. District offices typically include a board of directors.
The offices may vary depending upon the district’s statutory requirements. Contact the county elections filing officer for any questions about district offices.
An area within the state, county, city or district that is designated to be governed or represented by a particular elected public office.
Active registered voters in the State of Oregon.
President, Vice President, United States Senator or United States Representative.
See “Appropriate Elections Filing Officer/Official.”
An initiative petition, including complete text, cover and signature sheet, which has received written approval to circulate from the filing officer but has not yet qualified for the ballot.
Local Office or Measure
Any office or measure to be voted upon by the registered voters of a county, city or special district.
Includes any of the following submitted to the people for their approval or rejection at an election:
- an Act or part of an Act of the Legislative Assembly
- a county, city or special district legislation
- a proposed law
- a proposition or question
- a proposed revision or amendment to the Oregon Constitution
A political committee organized exclusively to support or oppose one or more measures certified to a ballot in Oregon.
A candidate filing for a partisan office by Assembly of Electors or Individual Electors. A nonaffiliated candidate cannot have been a member of any political party during the last 180 days before the deadline for filing the certificate of nomination.
An office for which the candidate does not run under the name of any political party. Nonpartisan offices include: Judge (Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, Tax Court , Circuit Court and County Judge who exercises judicial functions), Superintendent of Public Instruction, Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor and Industries, any elected office of a metropolitan service district under ORS chapter 268, Justice of the Peace, County Clerk, County Assessor, County Treasurer, Sheriff, District Attorney and any office designated nonpartisan by a home rule charter or ordinance. Special District offices are also nonpartisan.
Oregon Administrative Rules.
An office that would normally appear on the upcoming election ballot because the term of office is complete.
Oregon Revised Statutes.
An office for which the candidate may be nominated by a major or minor political party or as a nonaffiliated candidate.
An individual, corporation, limited liability company, labor organization, association, firm, partnership, joint stock company, club, organization or other combination of individuals having collective capacity.
A committee formed by the chief petitioners of an initiative, referendum or recall petition. A petition committee may be designated to support only one initiative, referendum, or recall petition. A petitione committee is not a political committee.
A combination of two or more individuals, or a person other than an individual, that has received a contribution or made an expenditure for the purpose of supporting or opposing a candidate, measure or political party. Expenditure does not include a contribution to a candidate or political committee required to report the contribution or an independent expenditure that is required to be reported. Political committee also includes an individual who solicits and receives a contribution. A chief petitioner committee is not a political committee.
Political Party Committee
A political committee organized by a political party which has appropriately filed its organizational documents with the Secretary of State under ORS 248.007 or 248.009.
A member of the Electoral College who, under the provisions of the United States Constitution, meets after a presidential election (in December) to select the next President and Vice President of the United States.
- Candidate—The information and filing forms, except signatures and other identification of petition signers, required to be contained in a completed petition.
- Local (City, County, District)—The information and filing forms, except signatures and other identification of petition signers, required to be contained in a completed petition.
- Statewide—A prospective initiative or referendum petition, which has been filed and accepted by the Elections Division’s office, but has not received written approval to circulate, from the Elections Division.
Any federal, state, county, city or district office or position, except a political party office, filled by electors.
A petition by electors to place a question on a special recall election ballot regarding whether a specified public officer should be removed from office.
A resolution prepared by the Oregon legislature or a local governing body to place a question on the ballot for electors to decide.
A petition by electors to approve or reject legislation adopted by the Oregon legislature or the governing body of a county, city or district.
A resident of the State of Oregon who:
- is a US citizen
- is 18 years of age or older
- is registered more than 20 calendar days before the election
Regularly Published Publication
A publication published on a recurring basis according to a time schedule that bears no relation to an election.
A measure to be voted on by the registered voters of the entire state.
Governor, Secretary of State, State Treasurer, Attorney General, Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor and Industries, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Judge (Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, Tax Court, Circuit Court and any County Judge who exercises judicial functions), State Senator, State Representative or District Attorney.
The elected public offices of the State of Oregon which are voted on by all the registered voters of the state (Governor, Secretary of State, State Treasurer, Attorney General, Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor and Industries, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Supreme Court Judge, Court of Appeals Judge and Tax Court Judge).
Actual language of proposed new constitutional, statutory, charter or ordinance amendment to be initiated or referred.
A person appointed by a candidate or political committee to manage and report the contributions and expenditures of the candidate or political committee. A treasurer must perform all the duties prescribed for a candidate or political committee under ORS 260.005 and 260.035 to 260.156.
An office that has been vacated by retirement, resignation, recall or death that would not normally be printed on the upcoming ballot.